mengenal dasar pemrograman HTML

Daftar Isi

Mengenal dasar pemrograman HTML
Mendesain HTML berarti melakukan suatu tindakan pemrograman. Web yang merupakan implementasi dari HTML yang merupakan refleksi dari orang yang membuatnya. Untuk itu kita perlu memprogramnya dengan baik agar para netter merasa tertarik dan betah untuk mengunjunginya bahkan kalau bisa mem-bookmark-nya.

Scripting HTML dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan HTML editor (WYSIWYG), seperti macromedia dreamweaver. Cara lainnya yaitu dengan menuliskan script sendiri menggunakan teks editor biasa, seperti notepad. Ada kelebihan dan kekurangan dari dua cara di atas. Kelebihan cara pertama, proses desain web akan lebih mudah dan menyenangkan karena hasilnya dapat langsung dilihat dan energy tidak banyak di keluarkan. Namun kekurangannya, dengan HTML editor (khususnya HTML editor non bahasa pemrograman), kita tidak dapat menyisipkan suatu script tertentu seperti javaScript, VBscript dan lain-lain. Sedangkan dengan cara yang kedua, energy kita cukup banyak terkuras hanya untuk mengetikkan script tersebut agar dapat di tampilkan oleh web browser. Namun kelebihannya kita, kita bebas menyisipkan suatu perintah, bahkan perintah yang bukan merupakan default HTML.
Nah kali ini anda bisa belajar lebih detail mengenai dasar-dasar HTML.
Bagian-bagian HTML
HTML terdiri dari beberapa bagian yang fungsinya sebagai penanda suatu kelompok perintah tertentu, misalnya kelompok perintah form yang di tandai dengan kode
, judul dengan </span>dan sebagainya.</div><div class="MsoNormalCxSpMiddle"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">Elemen dan tag </b></div><div class="MsoNormalCxSpMiddle">Elemen pada HTML dapat di definisikan sebagai suatu kode tertentu yang akan menyediakan tempat untuk meletakkan beberapa kode di dalamnya. Beberapa dengan tag yang menangani satu kode saja. Untuk lebih lanjutnya perhatikan skema elemen di bawah ini.</div><div class="MsoNormalCxSpMiddle"> </div><div class="MsoNormalCxSpMiddle"> <a href=" "><img alt=" berarti melakukan suatu tindakan pemrograman mengenal dasar pemrograman HTML" src="data:image/png;base64,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" /></a></div><div class="MsoNormalCxSpLast">Keterangan :</div><div class="MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst" style="margin-left: .25in; mso-add-space: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; text-indent: -.25in;"><span style="font-family: Wingdings;">Ø<span style="font: 7pt "Times New Roman";">  </span></span>Dokumen HTML selalu diawali dengan tag pembuka  <span style="font-family: "Bell MT","serif";"><html> </span>dan di akhiri dengan tag penutup <span style="font-family: "Bell MT","serif";"></html>.</span></div><div class="MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle" style="margin-left: .25in; mso-add-space: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; text-indent: -.25in;"><span style="font-family: Wingdings;">Ø<span style="font: 7pt "Times New Roman";">  </span></span>Pada dokumen head<span style="font-family: "Bell MT","serif";"> <head>  </head> </span>, anda dapat memasukkan kode-kode untuk menuliskan keterangan tentang dokumen HTML</div><div class="MsoListParagraphCxSpLast" style="margin-left: .25in; mso-add-space: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; text-indent: -.25in;"><span style="font-family: Wingdings;">Ø<span style="font: 7pt "Times New Roman";">  </span></span>Elemen body <span style="font-family: "Bell MT","serif";"><body>  </body></span> berisi tag-tag untuk isi atau layout tampilan situs anda</div><div class="MsoNormal">Jadi jelas bahwa elemen merupakan suatu bagian yang besar yang terdiri dari kode-kode yang di sebut tag itu.</div><div class="MsoNormal">Sedangkan tag hanyalah merupakan bagian dari <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">elemen</i>. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">Tag</i> adalah kode kode yang di gunkana untuk mensetting dokumen HTML, secara garis besar bentuk umum tag adalah :</div><div class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: .5in;"><span style="font-family: "Bell MT","serif";"><</span>tag-awal<span style="font-family: "Bell MT","serif";">>teks</</span>tagakhir<span style="font-family: "Bell MT","serif";">></span></div><div class="MsoNormal">Namun ada juga tag yang tidak 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